AP European History Practice Test 2

Here is an additional AP Euro practice test to help you prepare for your multiple choice questions. Topics on the AP European History exam include intellectual and cultural history, political and diplomatic history, and social and economic history. Practice questions are a great way to prepare for your exam. Try our AP Euro practice test to see if you are prepared for your AP test.


AP European History Multiple Choice Questions

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Question 1
What written work is widely regarded as the catalyst of the Protestant Reformation?

A
Responsio ad Lutherum.
B
Utopia.
C
The Book of Common Prayer.
D
The Ninety-Five Theses.
Question 1 Explanation: 
The Ninety-Five Theses was written by Martin Luther in 1517. This work is regarded as the catalyst of the Protestant Reformation, as it became a declaration against Papal authority and brought about major religious and social changes.
Question 2
Along with the Renaissance movement, what historical era is seen as a bridge between the Middle Ages and the Modern era by historians?

A
The Age of Discovery.
B
The Enlightenment.
C
The Industrial Revolution.
D
The Cold War Era.
Question 2 Explanation: 
With the Age of Discovery came a host of new inventions and innovations, such as the new printing press, the rise of the Columbian Exchange, European nation-states, humanism and colonial empires.
Question 3
Which of the following events did NOT take place during the period labeled by some historians as the General Crisis?

A
The Fronde.
B
The Thirty Years’ War.
C
The English Civil War.
D
The War of the Roses.
Question 3 Explanation: 
The General Crisis is a term used to describe the time period from the early 17th century to the early 18th century when there was widespread conflict and instability in Europe. The War of the Roses is not an example of one of these conflicts as it occurred in the 15th century.
Question 4
Why did the Roman Catholic Church encourage the success of the Baroque style from the late 16th century to the early 18th century?

A
The Church felt it accurately reflected the values of the Church.
B
The Church believed it would diminish the popularity of Protestantism.
C
The patrons of the style were wealthy patrons of the Church.
D
The Baroque style encouraged patriotic feelings for Church and state.
Question 4 Explanation: 
During the Council of Trent, the Catholic Church decided that the arts should communicate religious themes. This belief was a direct response to the Protestant Reformation.
Question 5
What was Renaissance humanism a response to?

A
Capitalism.
B
The rise of theocratic states.
C
Populism.
D
Medieval scholastic education.
Question 5 Explanation: 
Prior to the 14th century, education was based on practical and pre-professional studies. Logic, medicine, law, theology and natural philosophy were studied from approved texts. Renaissance humanism allowed for a broader and open-minded education with further emphasis on culture and the arts.
Question 6
"We shall not flag or fail. We shall go on to the end. We shall fight in France, we shall fight on the seas and the oceans, we shall fight with growing confidence and growing strength in the air, we shall defend our island, whatever the cost may be. We shall fight on the beaches, we shall fight on the landing grounds, we shall fight in the fields and in the streets, we shall fight in the hills; we shall never surrender."

The quotation above is attributed to:

A
Franklin D. Roosevelt.
B
Charles De Gaulle.
C
Winston Churchill.
D
King George VI.
Question 6 Explanation: 
This quotation is part of the ‘We Shall Fight on the Beaches” speech given by Winston Churchill to the House of Commons on June 4th, 1940.
Question 7
The increased prevalence of which of the following was largely responsible for the rise of the modern city during the Industrial Revolution?

A
The automobile.
B
Improved and regulated medical practices.
C
The factory.
D
The school.
Question 7 Explanation: 
As factories became more numerous, workers would migrate to the cities in search of work. As much of the work during the Industrial Revolution was done in these factories, the population of the surrounding area would increase.
Question 8
Which of the following is NOT one of the central ideas of the Enlightenment?

A
Science.
B
Reason.
C
Freedom.
D
Collectivism.
Question 8 Explanation: 
Freedom, science and reason were three of the central ideals of the Enlightenment. The Enlightenment was a cultural movement, meant to reform society using reason, and to advance knowledge through science.
Question 9
England’s Act of Supremacy of 1534 made Henry VIII the Supreme Head of what?

A
The Supreme Head of the established Church of England.
B
The Supreme Head of the government.
C
The Supreme Head of the European Union.
D
The Supreme Head of the Protestant Reformation.
Question 9 Explanation: 
The Act of Supremacy of 1534 made Henry VIII the Supreme Head of the Church of England. Henry VIII broke away from the Roman Catholic Church to form his own Church and was granted Royal Supremacy around that time.
Question 10
What was a major objective for launching the Spanish Armada in 1588?

A
To force England’s Elizabeth I to marry Philip II.
B
To put a stop to England’s involvement in the Spanish Netherlands.
C
As a means to defend against invasion.
D
To communicate Spain’s military supremacy.
Question 10 Explanation: 
The Spanish Armada’s objective for sailing against England in 1588 was to stop England from becoming involved with the Spanish Netherlands. The mission ended in failure when England attacked the Armada.
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