AP European History Practice Test 1


AP European History multiple choice questions focus on European History from the year 1450 to the present. Like all Advanced Placement tests, AP Euro is a college-level course that is administered by the College Board. Students are tested on chronology, major events, and historical trends. Our free AP European History practice test is a great place to start your exam prep.

AP European History Multiple Choice Questions:

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Question 1
What were the First and Second League of Armed Neutrality alliances between Russia, Denmark and Sweden meant to protect?

A
From invasions from neighboring empires.
B
The sovereignty of the Baltic Sea.
C
From the overthrowing of the Russian, Dutch and Swedish dynasties.
D
The militarily neutral shipping from attacks by the British Royal Navy.
Question 1 Explanation: 
The First and Second League of Armed Neutrality were two alliances made between three European naval powers; Russia, Denmark and Sweden. The British Royal Navy had a policy in place during the late 18th century and early 19th century which allowed for the unlimited search of neutral shipping vessels for French contraband, and these alliances protected these countries against the British policy.
Question 2
What did France’s Henry IV’s Edict of Nantes put an end to?

A
The persecution of Jews.
B
The persecution of the Huguenots.
C
The persecution of Roman Catholics.
D
The persecution of Muslims.
Question 2 Explanation: 
Henry IV’s Edict of Nantes, which was issued on April 13th, 1598, granted rights to the Huguenots in the interest of civil unity. At this time, France was considered a Catholic state, and the Huguenots were Calvinist Protestants.
Question 3
Which of the following is NOT associated with the Battle of Bosworth Field in England, 1485?

A
The beginning of the Tudor dynasty.
B
The end of the War of the Roses.
C
The end of the Plantagenet dynasty.
D
The end of the Tudor dynasty.
Question 3 Explanation: 
The War of the Roses was a civil war between the House of York and the House of Lancaster. The Battle of Bosworth Field was a battle won by the Lancastrians, which resulted in not only the end of the War of the Roses, but also the end of the Plantagenet dynasty. The Tudor dynasty took control with Henry Tudor as the new monarch of England.
Question 4
What was the reason the population of Ireland decreased by 20 - 25% in the mid- 19th century?

A
The European Revolutions of 1848.
B
Irish Potato Famine.
C
The Industrial Revolution.
D
Bubonic plague.
Question 4 Explanation: 
The Irish Potato Famine left Ireland with a population which was 20 – 25% smaller than before. It is estimated that one million people died as a result of the famine, and another million emigrated because of the famine.
Question 5
The major financial problems faced by France in 1787 were mainly caused by what?

A
The American Revolutionary War.
B
The Russian Revolution.
C
The French Revolution.
D
The Napoleonic Wars.
Question 5 Explanation: 
Although there were a few reasons for France’s debt in the late 18th century, the major reason for the million livres-plus debt was the American Revolutionary War, of which France was heavily involved.
Question 6
What event took place on the 20th of September, 1870 to compel Pope Pius IX to state that he was a “prisoner in the Vatican”?

A
The Byzantine-Ottoman Wars.
B
The Thirty Years’ War.
C
The Franco-Prussian War.
D
The Capture of Rome.
Question 6 Explanation: 
When Rome was captured on the 20th of September, 1870 by the armed forces of the Kingdom of Italy, Pope Pius IX felt as though he were a prisoner in the Vatican.
Question 7
Which Fascist paramilitary group was Benito Mussolini the Commandant-General of?

A
The Red Devils.
B
The Blackshirts.
C
The Snakes.
D
The Black Brigade.
Question 7 Explanation: 
The Blackshirts were a Fascist paramilitary group organized by Benito Mussolini during WWI. The Blackshirts were used as Mussolini’s military tool as he made his way up the political ladder.
Question 8
What event greatly disrupted the colonial ambitions of 18th century Portugal?

A
The 1755 Lisbon earthquake.
B
The Great Awakening.
C
The Great Northern War.
D
Famine caused by the Thirty Years’ War.
Question 8 Explanation: 
The 1755 Lisbon earthquake was responsible for the near-destruction of the city. The earthquake was followed by fires, tsunami and thousands of deaths. It is one of the deadliest earthquakes in human history and greatly disrupted life in Lisbon and Portugal as a whole, including the country’s colonial ambitions.
Question 9
Why did Calonne, the French minister of finances, call an Assembly of Notables in 1787?

A
To discuss the abolition of slavery.
B
To protect the American colony from British attack.
C
To gain support in an attempt to raise taxes.
D
To restore the French monarchy.
Question 9 Explanation: 
After other methods proved fruitless, Calonne called an Assembly of Notables to convey the dire financial situation of France during this time. His proposal was to raise taxes, more specifically, to put in place a territorial subvention, but he was unsuccessful.
Question 10
What brought the Reconquista of the Iberian Peninsula to an end in 1492?

A
The surrender of the Nasrid dynasty.
B
The Spanish Inquisition.
C
The Treaty of the Pyrenees.
D
The storming of the Lisbon Palace by rebels.
Question 10 Explanation: 
The Reconquista was brought to an end when the Kingdom of Granada (ruled by the Nasrid dynasty) was defeated in 1492. The Iberian Peninsula was then under Christian rule.
Question 11
Which of the following nations was not involved in the signing of the Peace of Westphalia, a series of peace treaties signed in 1648?

A
Sweden.
B
Spain.
C
France.
D
England.
Question 11 Explanation: 
The Peace of Westphalia was a series of peace treaties signed in 1648. These treaties ended both the Thirty Years’ War and the Eighty Years’ War. Kingdoms involved in the signing of these treaties include; Spain, the Dutch Republic, France, Sweden and the Holy Roman Empire.
Question 12
The Russian bourgeois were allowed to own serfs during parts of the 18th and 19th centuries to encourage what?

A
Innovation.
B
Industrialization.
C
Increased social division.
D
Agricultural advancements.
Question 12 Explanation: 
The Russian bourgeois were granted permission to own serfs sporadically throughout the 18th and 19th centuries (from 1721- 1762 and 1798 – 1816).
Question 13
What became a physical symbol of the Cold War, and more specifically, the Iron Curtain?

A
The Great Wall of China.
B
The Statue of Liberty.
C
The Kremlin.
D
The Berlin Wall.
Question 13 Explanation: 
The Berlin Wall became a symbol of the division between Western and Eastern Europe during the Cold War, as the Berlin Wall was a physical reminder of said division in Europe.
Question 14
What is the formal name for the Warsaw Pact (also known as the Warsaw Treaty)?

A
Treaty of Reconciliation.
B
Treaty of Unification.
C
Treaty of Friendship, Cooperation and Mutual Assistance.
D
Treaty of the Justification of Freedom.
Question 14 Explanation: 
Although commonly known as either the Warsaw Treaty or Warsaw Pact, the formal name for the treaty is the Treaty of Friendship, Cooperation and Mutual Assistance. The treaty was a mutual defense treaty, of which the full title is a reflection.
Question 15
"The commodity is first of all, an external object, a thing which through its qualities satisfies human needs of whatever kind. The nature of these needs, whether they arise, for example, from the stomach, or the imagination, makes no difference. Nor does it matter here how the thing satisfies man’s need, whether directly as a means of subsistence, i.e. an object of consumption, or indirectly as a means of production."

The quotation above is from a work by:

A
Karl Marx.
B
Vladimir Lenin.
C
Leon Trotsky.
D
Mao Zedong.
Question 15 Explanation: 
The above quote is from Karl Marx’s work “Das Kapital”.
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AP European History Practice Test 2>>

About the AP European History Test:
The AP European History exam consists of multiple-choice questions, a document-based essay question, and 2 thematic essays. Students have 3 hours and 5 minutes to complete the test.

Section I is multiple choice, which is 55 minutes long and has 80 questions. Each question has 5 possible answers. The AP European History multiple choice questions will account for half of your overall test score.

Section II is the free-response section, which is divided into parts A,B and C.  It begins with a mandatory 15 minute reading period followed by Part A, the document-based essay question. You will have 45 minutes to answer the DBQ. In Part B you will choose one question from a group of three and write a thematic essay. In Part C there is another list of three questions, and you must write one additional essay. You will have 70 minutes to complete Parts B and C.

As you prepare for your AP exam, you will want to work through as many practice questions as possible. Get started now with our AP European History practice test. Every question is scored instantly and detailed explanations are included.