AP Psychology Practice Test: Memory

This AP Psychology practice test covers memory. These practice questions focus on the psychological and physiological systems of memory as well as the principles of memory construction, encoding, and storage. Get started now with our AP Psychology memory quiz to help you prepare and review for these types of exam questions.


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Question 1
Which one of the following rehearsal strategies would be most effective in remembering the name of someone you just met?

A
Intentional rehearsal
B
Maintenance rehearsal
C
Elaborative rehearsal
D
Proactive rehearsal
E
Retroactive rehearsal
Question 1 Explanation: 
The correct answer is (C). Elaborative rehearsal would be most effective in remembering the name of someone you just met because of its effectiveness in transferring newly acquired information into long term memory. Elaborative rehearsal connects newly acquired information with information already stored in long term memory. The connections formed enable easier access of the newly stored information.
Question 2
Memory for automatic activities, such as bike riding and handwriting, is known as:

A
Declarative memory
B
Procedural memory
C
Repressed memory
D
Semantic memory
E
Sensory memory
Question 2 Explanation: 
The correct answer is (B). Procedural memory is a part of the long-term memory that is responsible for developing motor skills and knowing how to perform actions. Procedural memory stores information on how to perform certain procedures, such as walking, talking, and riding a bike without the need for explicit storage or recall.
Question 3
If you studied French in high school, you might have a hard time learning Spanish vocabulary words in college because of:

A
Decay
B
Dual coding
C
Generalization
D
Proactive interference
E
Retroactive interference
Question 3 Explanation: 
The correct answer is (D). The interfering effect of old information, in this case French, on new information, in this case Spanish, is called proactive interference.
Question 4
Retrograde amnesia is a phenomenon in which a person suffers a brain injury from a stroke or an accident and loses memory of what?

A
Childhood events before age 8
B
Declarative memory
C
Events immediately after the injury
D
Events immediately before the injury
E
Procedural memory
Question 4 Explanation: 
The correct answer is (D). In retrograde amnesia, a person loses memory of events immediately prior to the injury.
Question 5
The Ebbinghaus forgetting curve shows:

A
A bell-shaped curve
B
A gradual drop in retention followed by a steep decline
C
A steady, gradual decrease of memory over time
D
A steep initial drop in retention followed by a gradual decline
E
Higher retention for rote learning than for concept learning
Question 5 Explanation: 
The correct answer is (D). The Ebbinghaus curve’s steep initial drop followed by a gradual decline is evidence that most forgetting occurs shortly after learning. The gradual decline following the initial drop shows that information is forgotten more slowly as time progresses compared to the initial learning of new information.
Question 6
What is memory loss that occurs only as a result of the passage of time called?

A
Amnesia
B
Decay
C
Dementia
D
Interference
E
Natural forgetting
Question 6 Explanation: 
The correct answer is (B). Decay is the memory loss that occurs solely as a result of the passage of time.
Question 7
Damage to or removal of what part of the brain can cause anterograde amnesia?

A
Cerebellum
B
Corpus callosum
C
Hippocampus
D
Hypothalamus
E
Thalamus
Question 7 Explanation: 
The correct answer is (C). Damage to the hippocampus can result in an inability to learn new information, which is also known as anterograde amnesia.
Question 8
The process by which a stimulus is attended to, identified, studied, and incorporated into memory is known as:

A
Appraisal
B
Chunking
C
Encoding
D
Feature detection
E
Retrieval
Question 8 Explanation: 
The correct answer is (C). Encoding is the first stage of memory and entails the translation of a stimulus (visual, acoustic, or semantic) into a memory.
Question 9
The capacity of working memory, according to Miller’s Law, is quantified as:

A
7 ± 2 bits
B
7 ± 2 chunks
C
7 ± 3 chunks
D
9 ± 2 bits
E
9 ± 2 chunks
Question 9 Explanation: 
The correct answer is (B). Working memory, or short-term memory, is quantified in Miller’s Law as 7, plus or minus 2, chunks of information.
Question 10
“Last night, I ate Chipotle for dinner” is an example of what type of memory?

A
Episodic
B
Flashbulb
C
Procedural
D
Semantic
E
Taste aversion
Question 10 Explanation: 
The correct answer is (A). Remembering a specific event is an example of episodic memory.
Question 11
“French toast, pancakes, and eggs are all common breakfast foods” is an example of what type of memory?

A
Episodic
B
Flashbulb
C
Procedural
D
Schema
E
Semantic
Question 11 Explanation: 
The correct answer is (E). Semantic memory is memory encoded based on meaning. Semantic memory is the encoding of general knowledge, in this case common breakfast foods.
Question 12
When Gwendolyn told her roommate about the chemistry exam she had just completed, she knowingly exaggerated its difficulty. Subsequently, Gwendolyn’s memory of the exam was that it was as difficult as she had reported it to be. This best illustrates:

A
Flashbulb memory
B
Misinformation effect
C
Mood-congruent memory
D
Proactive interference
E
Self-reference effect
Question 12 Explanation: 
The correct answer is (B). The misinformation effect holds the reporting of episodic memories becomes less accurate as a result of information acquired after the event itself. In this case, Gwendolyn’s perception of the difficulty of the exam after taking it leads her to believe that the exam was more difficult than it actually was.
Question 13
“One is a bun. Two is a shoe. Three is a tree. Four is a door.” This is part of what method to improve memory?

A
Elaborative rehearsal
B
Method of loci
C
Pegword
D
Rhythmic encoding
E
Visual imagery
Question 13 Explanation: 
The correct answer is (C). These four sentences begin a ten-line rhyme used in a mnemonic device called the pegword method. This method is used to memorize information by associating the numbers with objects and then creating a story including those objects.
Question 14
Which of the following is an example of prospective memory?

A
Remembering how to play checkers
B
Remembering how to ride a bike
C
Remembering the capital of Georgia
D
Remembering your third birthday
E
Remembering to buy your sister a birthday present next week.
Question 14 Explanation: 
The correct answer is (E). Prospective memory is “remembering to remember.” It is memory for future intentions.
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