Directions: The SAT Reading test consists of five passages, and each passage is followed by a series of questions. After reading each passage, answer the questions based on what is stated or implied in the passage.
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As used in paragraph 1, the word “refreshed” most nearly means
Question 1 Explanation:
The correct answer is (D). This is a vocab-in-context question. In context, the passage states, “In the afternoon rush of the Grand Central Station his eyes had been refreshed by the sight of Miss Lily Bart.” The word “refreshed” is used metaphorically here to reflect the pleasant surprise Selden feels at seeing Lily. He finds her beautiful and interesting. The best word to express that is reinvigorated. None of the other options allow for that meaning.
Over the course of the passage, the main focus of the narrative shifts from the
curiosity a character has about a person he has just run into to a growing fondness the character has for that person’s beauty.
annoyance a character feels about the volatile nature of another person to the character’s recognition of the common ground between the two.
nervousness a character feels regarding another person to the character’s concern that their romantic feelings are not reciprocated.
value a character attaches to the wonders of the natural world to a rejection of that sort of beauty in favor of human artistry.
Question 2 Explanation:
The correct answer is (A). The passage begins with Mr. Selden observing Lily Bart at the train station and silently musing to himself. After he agrees to take Lily away for tea, the passage ends by focusing on a more thoughtful evaluation of her beauty, stating, “As she moved beside him, with her long light step, Selden was conscious of taking a luxurious pleasure in her nearness.” Selden’s attitude towards Lily went from “detached and bemused” at the beginning of the passage, to “invested and sentimental” by the end of the passage. Answer choice (A) best reflects the transition from curiosity to fondness.
In the context of the passage, the author’s use of the sentence, “There was nothing new about Lily Bart,” (paragraph 2) is primarily meant to convey the idea that
Lily Bart’s income doesn’t allow her to keep up with the latest fashions.
Lily Bart is twenty-nine years old, and older than most of Selden’s peers.
Selden and Lily have been acquaintances for some time.
Lily’s manner and behavior has a timeless quality in Selden’s eyes.
Question 3 Explanation:
The correct answer is (C). This is an inference question. Based on the entire passage, ask yourself: what is most likely to be true? Selden doesn’t criticize Lily’s fashion as outdated, nor describe her as older than their peers. More likely, he means she isn’t “new” to him — that they have known each other for a while, and that she hasn’t changed much. Otherwise, it would not make sense why Lily greets Selden so warmly, and asks him to take her to tea while she waits for her train to arrive.
The description in the second paragraph indicates that what Selden values most about Lily is her
ability to incite curiosity.
kind and generous nature.
way of standing out in a crowd.
Question 4 Explanation:
The correct answer is (B). The final sentence of the second paragraph states, “it was characteristic of her that she always roused speculation, that her simplest acts seemed the result of far-reaching intentions.” Selden finds Lily fascinating, and the second paragraph highlights his interest in her ability to arouse interest. It is only in later paragraphs that he focuses more on her physical beauty, so (A) is not the correct answer. If you chose (D): while it is true that Lily stands out to Selden in the crowd, there is nothing in the first paragraph to indicate that this is what Selden “values most” about her.
Which choice provides the best evidence for the answer to the previous question? (You can use the left arrow below to go back and review the previous question.)
First 3 sentences (“Selden…season?”)
Paragraph 2, Sentence 2 (“If she had…perplexed him.”)
Paragraph 2, Sentences 3-4 (”She stood…arrested him.”)
Paragraph 2, Sentence 5 (“There was…intentions.”)
Question 5 Explanation:
The correct answer is (D). The answer to the previous question is found in the last sentence of the 2nd paragraph: (“There was…intentions.”). The sentence states, “it was characteristic of her that she always roused speculation, that her simplest acts seemed the result of far-reaching intentions.” It is likely that Selden values this most because he “could never see her without,” and that “she always roused speculation.” The key words “never” and “always” indicate an important and prominent feature.
The author includes the following detail: “it amused him to think of putting her skill to the test” (paragraph 3) in order to
indicate that Lily has some experience in avoiding unwanted conversations.
imply that Lily has had numerous suitors in the past.
reveal that Lily has snubbed Selden on previous occasions.
show that Lily has a strong and stubborn sense of pride.
Question 6 Explanation:
The correct answer is (A). This is a function question. In order to correctly answer this question, you must consider WHY the author chose to include a specific detail; what was the author hoping to establish for the audience? While it may be true that Lily has had numerous suitors in the past, has perhaps been less than kind to Selden, or has a strong and stubborn sense of pride, there is nothing specific from the passage to indicate that these are true. More likely, the author includes this detail to continue to establish Lily’s social class and desirability. She is an upper-class woman with experience in high society, and Selden sees her as someone who is very much a product of her social class.
What is implied by the author’s inclusion of the detail, “she regained the girlish smoothness, the purity of tint, that she was beginning to lose after eleven years of late hours and indefatigable dancing” (paragraph 6)?
Though attractive, Lily Bart was not as energetic and youthful as she had once been.
Lily’s skin and hair were as smooth as Selden had remembered them to be years earlier.
Selden had not seen Lily for eleven years.
Lily had been participating in the social activities of high society for quite some time.
Question 7 Explanation:
The correct answer is (D). This is an inference question as identified by the word “implied.” Selden spends much time marveling over Lily’s beauty. If he had not seen Lily in eleven years, it is not likely Lily would have greeted him in such a casual manner, so (C) is unlikely to be correct. Selden does say she is “beginning to lose” some youthfulness but (A) goes one step too far. Selden does not imply Lily has less energy than she previously had, nor does this section indicate he specifically finds the “smoothness” of her hair and skin lacking. More likely, this section is here to indicate to the audience that Lily Bart has been “out” in society for eleven years, and has spent the past eleven years participating in social activities such as parties and dances.
The author’s statement that, “his course lay so far out of her orbit,” (paragraph 10) has mainly which effect?
It explains why Selden has not run into Lily in several years.
It describes how inferior Selden feels in relation to Lily.
It shows that they do not live in the same neighborhood in London.
It reveals that they move in different social circles.
Question 8 Explanation:
The correct answer is (D). Although Selden is intrigued by Lily and admires her beauty, the passage indicates that they are most likely not quite in the same social sphere. Choice (C) might be true, but it is not specifically revealed in the passage. Additionally, the passage implies that, while Selden and Lily are not regular friends, they know each other at least well enough socially that they feel comfortable having an impromptu tea together. More likely, the “orbit” discussed refers to social spheres. Selden comes across as intelligent and perceptive. While he is amazed by Lily, there is nothing to indicate he feels “inferior” to her, so (B) is incorrect. The best answer is choice (D).
Based on the details from the passage, who are the Trenors?
Members of Lily’s social class.
Personal friends of Selden.
London acquaintances of both Lily and Selden.
Members of Lily’s extended family.
Question 9 Explanation:
The correct answer is (A). This is a detail question. In order to get this question correct, go back and re-read the specific detail that mentions the Trenors. Lily mentions going to stay with this family in Bellomont. Lily explains that she’s on her way to Bellomont, the Trenors’ house, but missed her train and has two hours to wait. Selden may know this family, but there is nothing to indicate that they are his personal friends, as choice (B) states. If the Trenors were members of Lily’s family, she would probably speak of them with more detail and familiarity. Since other details from the passage imply Lily and Selden are in different social circles, it is more likely that the Trenors are members of Lily’s social class and friends of hers.
Why does Selden say, “The resources of New York are rather meagre…but I’ll find a hansom first, and then we’ll invent something” (paragraph 15)?
Selden is frustrated with the speed of the city’s public transportation.
Selden is making a joke for Lily’s benefit.
Selden is confident is his ability to impress Lily.
There is nowhere close by where they can have tea.
Question 10 Explanation:
The correct answer is (B). Selden says that New York’s resources are “meager,” when in fact New York City is a huge metropolitan city. Selden is being sarcastic. When he uses the word “invent,” he doesn’t mean that he and Lily are actually going to become inventors, he means they will come up with some plan to amuse themselves before she has to return to catch her train. The entire mood of the conversation is light-hearted and flirtatious. Answer choice (C), however, goes too far. We cannot be sure if Selden feels truly confident, or if he is simply putting on a show for Lily’s benefit. Since he mentions he is “out of her orbit,” most likely he is not too confident in his ability to impress Lily.
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There are 10 questions to complete.