This AP Psychology practice test covers the biological bases of behavior. You should be familiar with physiological techniques, functions of the nervous system, neural transmission, neuroanatomy, neuroplasticity, the endocrine system, genetics, and evolutionary psychology. Our free practice quiz is a great place to start your test prep.
As Jill walked toward the stage to give her speech, her heartbeat accelerated, her blood pressure rose, and she began to sweat. Jill’s state of arousal was activated by what part of the nervous system?
What brain structure provides the major link between the nervous system and the endocrine system?
Which part of the cerebral cortex directs the muscle movements involved in producing speech?
Which brain scan measures subtle changes in brain electrical activity?
What parts make up the central nervous system (CNS)?
Brain and spinal cord
All other nerves
A squirrel fails to react with fear to a signal of impending shock if they have suffered damage to the:
The lateralization of brain function suggests that language functions are generally found in which hemisphere?
In some neurons, the axon is insulated by the
The term central nervous system refers to the
Brain and the spinal cord
Cerebral cortex and the cerebellum
Spinal cord and the glandular system
Sensory motor responses that are rapid and automatic are called
Humans have approximately 70,000 genes that are arranged on how many pairs of chromosomes?
The term “soma” is synonymous with
In 2001, scientists finished assembling the complete inventory of all human genes. What is this called?
A stroke patient is shown a vacation snapshot, which she describes as “man… tall… woman… hat… mountain… smiles.” This patient is most likely suffering from which of the following conditions?
The somatosensory area of the cerebral cortex is responsible for our sense of:
As the result of a cerebral hemorrhage, a patient lost the ability to breathe and died. An autopsy will show damage to what part of the brain?
Which of the following is not a neurotransmitter?
Complete the analogy — left hemisphere is to right hemisphere as:
Balance is to movement
Broca’s area is to Wernicke’s area
Hearing is to speaking
Language functioning is to spatial ability
Sensation is to action
Travis and Reid were both seen stumbling down the street. Travis was drunk, which explained his lack of balance. Reid, on the other hand, was sober. He was unable to maintain his balance due to damage to a particular part of his brain. Where did this damage most likely occur?
What part of the brain has been surgically altered in “split-brain” patients?
Which hormone, secreted by the pineal gland, increases when periods of darkness begin and promotes feelings of drowsiness?
A drug that enhances the effect of a neurotransmitter by mimicking its effects or by preventing its breakdown in the synapse is referred to as what?
An excitatory postsynaptic potential
An inhibitory postsynaptic potential
Which of the following neurological disorders is associated with a deficiency of acetylcholine?
Which of the following changes is not caused by the activation of the sympathetic nervous system?
Acceleration of heart action
Decrease in digestive secretions
Dilation of pupils
Opening of respiratory passages
All of the above are caused by activation of the SNS