Directions: The PSAT Reading test consists of five passages on a variety of topics. Each passage is followed by a series of 9 or 10 questions. Carefully read the passage that is provided and answer the multiple choice questions based on what is stated or implied.
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As used in sentence 1, “intricacies” most nearly means
The reference to “the Fourth Amendment to the US Constitution” in paragraph 2 primarily serves to
provide constitutional support for eminent domain.
compare American law to the laws of other countries.
respond directly to a criticism of the author’s opinion.
challenge the constitutionality of eminent domain.
The passage’s discussion of a family in a small town serves primarily to
illustrate the ways in which eminent domain can improve a community.
provide a hypothetical example of how eminent domain can hurt American citizens.
satirize people who support eminent domain.
describe the typical types of Americans who support eminent domain.
As used in the final sentence of paragraph 3, “ambiguous” most nearly means
vague and open to interpretation.
neither entirely good nor entirely bad.
The author indicates that although the government compensates citizens when their property is seized through eminent domain,
the government has a history of not actually paying the proposed “compensation.”
the compensation is decided by the government, and doesn’t take important factors into account.
the government, as a matter of practice, pays only half of a property’s true value when it’s seized through eminent domain.
they often pay too much, and are too cavalier with taxpayer money.
Which choice provides the best evidence for the answer to the previous question?(Click on the left arrow to go back and review the previous question)
“Now, imagine a family in a small town who owns a local hardware store, a store that has been passed down from generation-to-generation for 100 years.”
“Developing this area, they hope, will bring new life and money into the town and help revitalize the local economy.”
“The value of the property would be decided by the government’s appraisal team, which raises a number of issues.”
“The second is that the value of a business like this that has sustained a family for generations is more than the worth of the land.”
The author recognizes counterarguments to the position she takes in the passage by
acknowledging that eminent domain has historically provided a lot of communities with necessary revitalization.
describing a hypothetical example of how eminent domain could help a community.
admitting that even if the potential for misconduct exists, the government has acted only in the interest of the people up to this point.
conceding that although some suggest that eminent domain might be racist towards people of color, it is statistically more likely to displace white citizens.
Which choice provides the best evidence for the answer to the previous question?
“Instead of stealing a citizen’s property against the citizen’s wishes, the government is buying it against the citizen’s wishes.”
“The government can step in using eminent domain, pay the landowner for her property, and turn it into a park that benefits the entire neighborhood.”
“While originally designed so that the government could turn private property into public property (parks, monuments, roadways), they can also seize this private property and give/sell it to another private entity, as long as it ‘benefits the public.’”
“Supporters of eminent domain argue that if citizens are being fairly compensated for their property, the government isn’t taking advantage of anyone.”
As it is used in the first sentence of paragraph 6, “disproportionately” most nearly means
too much in comparison
Which situation is most similar to the one described in paragraph 6 (“Consider…gentrification.”)?
The government seizes the house of a wealthy family because it is a historical landmark.
Two neighbors are caught in a dispute over where the dividing line between their properties lies, and the government intervenes to settle the dispute.
A city passes a new law that leads to people of color being unfairly searched on the streets.
A new sales tax causes a store owner to raise her prices, and she loses customers.
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